How HIV Causes Problem?
HIV stands for Human immunodeficiency Virus. It specifically infect human cells that comes in contact with infected body fluids (like blood, semen (cum), vaginal fluid or breastmilk).
Immunodeficiency means deficiency in immunity for fighting diseases ( think as immuno = immunity ).
As general rule, virus is parasite-like organism (which means they depend and destroy their host to live). Virus need to be inside cells to produce nutrient supplies and breed. When they are outside cells, they are lifeless (or dormant). Inside cells, they became active, like going to a rock concert, replicating itself like mad.
Contra to that, in a normal person, immunity, powered by white blood cells, will fight the virus.
But, unlike common viruses around us, HIV is a ‘Clever’ Virus. Instead of get killed by our immune system, it makes the immune system work for them. Like virus that infect computers, HIV virus send death code to turn our cells ‘crazy’. It makes the white blood cells feed and breed the virus until the cells itself succumb to death. This virus, together with it’s new ‘babies’ will infect another cells, and then again this vicious cycle continues until there is no more immune system cell for them to infect.
At late stage, HIV infection leads to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). At this point, immunity is very low and patient is very vulnerable to any kind of infections. White blood cells in their blood becomes critically depleted. They can even die from common flu, due to extreme disability to fight against diseases. AIDS patients’ life expectancy is around 3 years without treatment, and in case of getting other kind of infections, this will reduce to just 1 year.
SYMPTOMS OF HIV
HIV infection is Long-term and Deadly at final stage. It’s effect is not dramatic and the symptoms
mainly mimic common illness. HIV symptoms include :-
1. Fever: which last for few months, relentlessly
2. Chills and night sweat
3. Muscle pain
5. Swollen lymph nodes
6. Mouth ulcers
At Later Stage of illness, when it progressing to AIDS, symptoms can include :-
1. Rapid, weight loss
2. Relentless fever
3. Profuse, unexplained night sweat
4. Diarrhea lasting for more than a month
5. Sores of mouth, anus or genitalia
6. Red, brown, pink or purplish blue blotches on or under skin around eyes, mouth and cheek
7. White spots in oral cavity (oral candidiasis)
It may take months to years before any symptoms are apparent. While waiting for the symptoms to become clear-cut, chances are, it already progressed or it already transferred to someone else. Testing is the only way to discover it in early stage. Even that, the disease can hide itself in latent stage where it is not detectable through testing for a range of 2 weeks to 6 months. During this period the virus is reproducing at low level, but it is still infective, because once HIV infect a person, it never leave.